The Sweet Birch (Betula Lenta) is a beautiful species native to the eastern United States. It has a shiny red-brown bark and yellow foliage. It’s considered one of the best fall colors among cultivated birches.
Thanks to its dense, oval canopy, it’s a popular shade tree for many homeowners, especially in areas like New Jersey which offers the perfect climate for this tree. The bark also gives off a pleasant smell, which is why it attracts many creatures like butterflies or even songbirds.
How Does It Grow?
A typical Sweet Birch can reach 40-45 feet in height, and 35-45 feet in width. It has a medium growth rate, reaching 20 feet only in about 20 years. Once it reaches maturity, the tree has an average lifespan of around 200 years, possibly more with the right care.
It Requires Lots of Water
Sweet Birch prefers moist, well-drained soils, and at least six hours of daily exposure to sunlight. It doesn’t grow well in the shade and it is intolerant to drought conditions. It may need additional watering during periods with little to no rain.
For residential areas, you may want to prune the tree and control its shape and size to make sure it doesn’t affect other plants or buildings near it, especially in more crowded areas. However, you should avoid pruning in the spring, as it may cause the tree to lose too much sap and may affect its health.
A Tree with Various Medicinal Properties
Sweet Birch got its name from the Native Americans who commonly used the tree’s syrup for medicinal purposes, from curing common cold to soothing an upset stomach. Over the years, there have been many other uses for Sweet Birch:
- Source of wintergreen oil
- Substitute for maple syrup
- Vinegar from the fermented sap
- Wood used for furniture or even toothbrushes.
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