Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)

Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)

A tree that is mostly represented by its delicious, citrus-like fruit, the loquat is native to China, but commonly found in many parts of SouthEast Asia as well. It’s also known as Japanese plum because of the size and shape of the fruit. It has become a beloved ornamental tree in the USA as well, thriving in the Southern part of the country, from California to Florida.

In China, Loquats are considered a symbol of prosperity because of their golden color and nutritional value. The fruit is used in many ways, from confectioneries and baked products to alcoholic beverages and preserves.

You Can Plant It in Pots

The loquat tree is small, often being kept at a shrub-size and planted in pots. If planted in the ground and given the right conditions, the tree can grow up to 15-30 feet tall, spreading its rounded crown over 10-15 feet. The leaves of the loquat tree are large, dark green and glossy, making them perfect for flower arrangements.

How to Grow and Care for a Loquat Tree

If you want to plant more than one loquat tree and wish for them to reach full size, keep a distance of 25 to 30 feet in between them. Many gardeners prefer keeping the loquats at a dwarf size, especially if they are used for fruit harvesting.

If you are interested in having a fruit-producing loquat, you have to wait for about 10 years if you grow it from seed, and around three years if you purchase a sapling. Caring for your sapling is not difficult at all.

Give your loquat full sun for at least six hours a day and water it moderately. Fertilizing it also helps it produce plenty of fruit. Loquat trees are not picky about the acidity of the soil, but they do need it to be well-drained.


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