Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula)

Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula)

The Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula) is a beautiful tropical ornamental tree with heavy and hard wood of a slightly reddish color.

Its main visual focal points are the bright yellow flowers that bloom in the spring and attract bees and butterflies. This tree also produces fruits that look like dark-brown pods. The fruits have some medicinal properties.

How Does It Grow?

This Indian-native tree is medium-sized, and can only grow up to 66 feet. Its trunk has roughly 39 inches in diameter. It can grow at a rate of 24 inches per year and live 40 to 150 years.

How Do You Plant It?

The Golden Shower tree thrives in an area where it is exposed to full sunlight. It also needs well-drained soil. It can grow in clay, loam or sandy texture and can even handle areas close to the seaside. That is why this tree is popular for many Hawaii residents. Temperatures that fall below freezing are known to damage this tree.

Since it’s a medium-sized tree, it can be planted rather close to the buildings (like in a backyard) or even in public spaces near a walkway. Younger trees have a tendency to grow in irregular shapes, which can affect the visual appearance of the tree, but this effect can be fixed with proper pruning that will ensure the Golden Shower tree develops a good shape.

Moreover, the tree has moderate drought tolerance, which means that after its first 1-2 years, watering demands are minimal.

Disease Killer

In Ayurvedic medicine in India, the Golden Shower tree is called "aragvadha," which literally translates to "disease killer." The pulp of the fruit, in particular, is believed to contain many medicinal properties, especially in terms of purifying the body. Science has confirmed these fruits have some mild laxative properties.


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