Most people know what defines a rainforest: a forest characterized by abundant rainfall, tall trees, and lush vegetation. Very few know that the rainforest is also divided into five different parts:
- The floor;
- The shrub layer;
- The understory;
- The canopy;
- And the overstory.
While all these layers have some amazing characteristics, the canopy in itself is truly fascinating. For starters, it houses some of the most diverse community of animals in the area, from insects to birds or even monkeys. The rainforest canopy is essential to the local ecosystem. As you start diving into what makes it so unique you can understand the true role it plays.
Significance of the Rainforest Canopy in Ecological Processes
So, what is the canopy layer? If you fly over the Amazon Rainforest, all you’ll see is a vast land filled with green. What you’ll actually look at is the Amazon Rainforest canopy made up of the tree crowns that seem to be overlapping with each other. In reality, the canopy trees barely even touch, but it’s so dense that it’s easy to get that impression.
Here are some interesting Amazon Rainforest canopy facts that prove its significance in the ecological process:
- Around 80% of all sunlight is absorbed by the canopy layer. The lower you go, the less sunlight is at the bottom, since most of it is stopped by the dense tree crowns;
- The rainforest canopy acts like a small solar panel that feeds the trees by converting sunlight into energy through photosynthesis. Because the sunlight here is so strong, the trees have more fruits, seeds, flowers, and leaves than any other tree.
- The canopy has an essential role in maintaining the climate within safe parameters. Since it stops most of the sunlight, the ground is cooler, making the environment more fit for habitation;
- The canopy is home to a good deal of wildlife. Thanks to its structure and role, it also protects all life forms in the lower areas of the rainforest.
Background Information on the Rainforest
You can find rainforests all over the globe, except for Antarctica. These natural elements are essential to the planet because they can absorb CO2 from the air and store it, leaving less carbon in the atmosphere. One estimate claims that the Amazon Rainforest absorbs around 600 million tons of CO2 per year. This is really unsurprising, considering the Amazon is the largest rainforest in the entire world, even larger than the Congo Basin and Indonesia Rainforest combined.
Here, in the Amazon, you can find roughly 16,000 tree species and 390 billion individual trees. It's an ecosystem booming with life, unlike almost any other place on earth:
- It’s home to around 10% of all known species in the world;
- Has over 1500 different bird species;
- Houses more than 40,000 different plant species;
- Around 2.5 million different insect species roam the Amazon rainforest.
All this life here is protected mostly thanks to the canopy. Like with all rainforests, the canopy can act as a protective layer between the sky and the ground. In the case of the Amazon Rainforest, its canopy has some unique features you should know.
Unique Features of the Rainforest Canopy
The tropical rainforest canopy is thicker than the one in temperate rainforests. This can be partly attributed to the fact that it rains more often in the Amazon. The high and continuous rainfall provides the trees with more life source to grow.
The canopy here is so thick that it can take the rain around ten minutes until it reaches the ground. Sunlight is mostly blocked too, leaving the rainforest floor in almost permanent darkness.
The Amazon rainforest canopy is around 100 feet in height. For comparison, the Indonesia rainforest canopy is only about half of that. This thickness greatly affects the soil in the rainforest, since sunlight never actually reaches the bottom layer. The soils in the Amazon are some of the most infertile on the planet, even though immense trees grew from this ground. This is why any tree lost in the Amazon is cause for concern since replanting them will be all the more difficult given the very poor quality of the soil.
Animals in the Canopy
You can find a lot of different animals in the canopy layer of the Amazon Rainforest. The tree branches here capture a lot of the moisture and keep the air humid and warm, which for a lot of humans does not make for a very pleasant environment. Still, some animals have actually adapted to live in this part of the rainforest and rarely leave the homes they created in the branches.
Here are some Amazon Rainforest canopy animals:
- Spider monkey - this creature lives its entire life up in the canopy. Even its tail, which can grow to even three feet long, adapted over time to help it attach to the branches and move with ease through the canopy.
- Toucans - this is a family of more than 40 different species of birds, all known for their large beaks and bright colors. Toucans thrive up in the canopy and even help it disperse seeds from the fruits and berries they eat.
- Sloths - these nocturnal creatures rarely leave the trees. They have a slow metabolism and need little food, most of which they can find right in the canopy. They sleep around 18 hours a day clinging to the tree branches with their claws.
Around 50%-90% of the animals in the rainforest live in the canopy. Nobody knows the exact number for sure how many because the canopy is extremely difficult to study. Some trees in the Amazon can even reach 200 feet, making them difficult to climb. And since the canopy is dense, the satellite view only prints part of the picture.
Plant a Tree Today!
The rainforest canopy is an essential part of this diverse ecosystem. Massive deforestation rates and the fires from 2019 have unfortunately threatened the safety of the Amazon Rainforest and all the animals in the canopy layer. If you want to help restore their homes, you can. Plant a tree today!
As many as you like!$XUSD
You’re a hero! You’ve helped eliminate 10 tons CO2 from the environment!